We strive to modernize, and make rebuilding of the services reliable and reproducible. After quite some time to deliberate Ansible was chosen to maintain our infrastructure.


These playbooks are made to run with Ansible >=2.7, <2.8, preferably with Python 3.

You might need this for our custom plugins:

  • python3-unidecode

You should love YAML, as the rules and most of the configuration are written in this format. This is not difficult to learn though.


A ansible.cfg configuration file is provided with all needed settings and to be sure we all use the same and achieve the same results. The only controversial setting is hash_behaviour = merge, it is very practical to allow partial variable overrides using groups of hosts (if you disagree, try to convince Duck, good luck).

The lists of hosts and groups (the inventory) is held by hosts.yml. All hosts should be listed in the all group, and then in various groups as appropriate; failing to do so will most probably result in dropping hosts out of the inventory when removing them from groups. We do not maintain variables in this file, this is not very practical.

The files in host_vars/<host>/ and group_vars/<group>/ for hosts and groups hold specific variables. We use groups for hosts holding the save service, or in the same geographic zone… That's were the magical hash_behaviour = merge shines.

Most of the infrastructure parameters are common information stored in group_vars/all: package repositories, DNS settings, users, entities…

Some files are also stored in data:

  • DuckCorp-specific files which are used by a role but not included in it to keep it generic
  • isolated tasks in a play manipulating data (copy/template/…); creating a higher level role may be a cleaner solution though


Here is a list of the playbooks and their goal:

  • dc_check: run various tests on machines to check for problems; this is WIP and currently only checks for unapplied upgrades, package diff and obsolete packages
  • dc: (partially, WIP) deploy the DuckCorp infrastructure
  • regen_ldap_content: generate the whole LDAP database content
  • regen_ssh_keys: on shell boxes, create missing user home directories and add their SSH keys to their authorized_keys file (preserving local changes)

Please don't use roles sections in plays, use include_role or include_role tasks instead, it is more powerful and you can order it as you wish (as any task).


We should try our best to modularize the rules to ease readability and maintenance.

Except for basic system settings (dc-base role) which should be kept small, and DuckCorp-specific needs, all roles are maintained in separate repositories (WIP for legacy roles) and should be kept generic (without trying to address each and every possible need in the world), or clearly state their scope limitation. They should all be documented and bear meta information.

Roles should present a clear API. We also use more and more multiple entrypoints using the include_role action and tasks_from parameter. This allows to factorize various functions based on the same logic and variables.

Limiting Scope

It is possible to limit the scope of the run to preview on a particular machine or shorten the run when you're sure changes affect only specific host or tasks.

To limit the scope of the machines, use the -l option.

To run only specific groups of tasks, use --tags and --skip-tags. A partial (due to dynamic includes) but sufficient list of tags can be found using:

ansible-playbook --list-tags playbooks/*.yml



The provided script should be run before every commit to avoid mistakes.

This script depends on:

  • flake8
  • ansible-lint

When we switch to a newer Ansible version, dependencies like ansible-lint which are tied to Ansible should be upgraded too. There might be changes in the reports after migration and we should strive to fix them quickly. A new commit is not responsible for the previous state of the rules and should not mix topic changes with unrelated fixes, they should be handled in separate commits.


The --check option is available but there is no effort yet to make problematic tasks (command/shell/…) handled better.

Improving Ansible Speed

Ansible is slow, but there's a nice project to improve its performance. It still has glitches so it's not enabled by default, but it's easy to enable it.

First install the library (it is not yet packaged):

pip install mitogen

Then you just need to run playbooks this way:

ANSIBLE_STRATEGY=mitogen_linear ansible-playbook …

| Branch: | Revision:

duckcorp-infra / ansible @ 913f599c

Name Size Revision Age Author Comment
  data 6ca99d81 25 days Marc Dequènes install config initial in...
  group_vars 913f599c 20 days Marc Dequènes add 'freds' user
  host_vars 6ca99d81 25 days Marc Dequènes install config initial in...
  playbooks 929e449f 21 days Marc Dequènes mail: ensure to fetch facts for mda replication...
  plugins 79d5764b 6 months Marc Dequènes Ease optional use of Mitogen
  roles ad6dfb77 21 days Marc Dequènes dc-dovecot: adapt for Dovecot 2.3
.ansible-lint 29 Bytes 2f14cf6b about 1 year Marc Dequènes ignore ANSIBLE0004 using HEAD is a legitimate ...
.gitattributes 51 Bytes 5d76f2d8 over 1 year Marc Dequènes First public version 4.6 KB 9c8196bf 4 months Marc Dequènes switch the controller to Python 3
Toushirou-NG.vars.vault.yml 679 Bytes 520b44df 3 months Marc Dequènes add playbook to unlock encrypted filesystems
Toushirou-NG.vars.yml 324 Bytes f968f7df 3 months Marc Dequènes unlock_host_encryption: failed when facts cachi...
ansible.cfg 18.2 KB 79d5764b 6 months Marc Dequènes Ease optional use of Mitogen 231 Bytes a1d4f53e over 1 year Marc Dequènes add Duck test config to share between computers
hosts.yml 2.44 KB 802177b7 3 months Marc Dequènes Orfeo: needs accounts resolution It was remove...
hosts_tests_duck.yml 169 Bytes a1d4f53e over 1 year Marc Dequènes add Duck test config to share between computers 1.38 KB e622a1c6 4 months Marc Dequènes ignore more pedantic flake8 tests

Latest revisions

# Date Author Comment
913f599c 2019-03-01 14:42 Marc Dequènes

add 'freds' user

ad6dfb77 2019-02-28 08:42 Marc Dequènes

dc-dovecot: adapt for Dovecot 2.3

929e449f 2019-02-28 08:42 Marc Dequènes

mail: ensure to fetch facts for mda replication partner

fd27c961 2019-02-24 18:11 Marc Dequènes

update 'bind9' module to avoid vars conflicts

a66cf6ea 2019-02-24 12:29 Marc Dequènes

dc-postfix: use vars instead of static set_fact

5f93387b 2019-02-24 12:29 Marc Dequènes

dc-dovecot: use vars instead of static set_fact

c1594edc 2019-02-24 11:17 Marc Dequènes

mail: ensure facts for Redis master are fetched

fccc455f 2019-02-24 11:01 Marc Dequènes

dc-ldap: use vars instead of static set_fact

14a2f554 2019-02-24 10:25 Marc Dequènes needs 'expires' apache plugin

6ca99d81 2019-02-24 00:21 Marc Dequènes install config

initial install fails without it

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